Gum Disease Treatment
Gum Disease Treatment
At the Italian Dental Clinic, our specialists look out for the following symptoms before treating gum disease:
- Red, swollen and tender gums
- Pus and pockets between gums and teeth
- Receding gums
- Gums that bleed during or after brushing, flossing or eating hard food
- Loose, shifting or separating teeth
- Bad breath
- Persistent metallic taste
- Mouth sores
- Changes in the fit of dentures or the way your teeth fit together whilst chewing
Periodontal (Gum) disease is an infection of the tissues supporting and surrounding the teeth. It is mainly caused by the accumulation of bacteria from dental plaque that inflames and damages the gums. This chronic infection attacks below the gum line where it breaks down the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissues.
If gum disease progresses, it may lead to tooth decay.
Once you develop tooth decay, you and your dentist will need to decide the best form of treatment to proceed. If the decay is only moderate, (sometimes known as dentine decay) a regular filling will be required. If the decay has developed to a more serious level, by moving internally as far as the nerve, then root canal treatment will be required.
Based on the severity of the infection, gum disease is classified as either gingivitis or periodontitis.
Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) is a fairly common infection caused by bacterial accumulation (plaque) in the mouth. Plaque causes gums to become red and swollen, resulting in bleeding. When left untreated, gingivitis can progress to more severe gum disease, periodontitis. Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gingivitis where the severe infection erodes the supporting structures of the teeth. The progressive loss and destruction of the bones, teeth and gums weakens and loosens the teeth.
Plaque forms when acid produced by bacteria in your mouth interacts with sugary substances from foods and drinks. Plaque must be removed as thoroughly as possible to prevent damage to the tooth enamel and the softer dentine, which can compromise the tooth. If the decay is only moderate, a regular filling may be required. If the decay is more serious, then root canal treatment might be necessary.
Sometimes, however careful you are with your oral hygiene routine, you may still require a filling as a result of tooth decay caused by plaque or trauma. A white composite filling is the most popular type of filing, which blends aesthetically with the your natural teeth and bonds to the existing tooth tissue and can be fitted in one single appointment. Porcelain, and composite inlays and onlays, whilst also designed to match the natural teeth, are ideal for larger areas. They require 2 dental appointments and are produced in our own in-house specialist lab to fit the individual tooth.
Daily oral hygiene, including brushing, flossing and regular use of an antiseptic mouthwash, is critical in preventing gum disease. Regular visits to the dentist and dental examinations will help identify any infections. Progressive stages of the disease may call for more intensive treatments.